Existing machine learning research has achieved promising results in monaural audio-visual separation (MAVS). However, most MAVS methods purely consider what the sound source is, not where it is located. This can be a problem in VR/AR scenarios, where listeners need to be able to distinguish between similar audio sources located in different directions. To address this limitation, we have generalized MAVS to spatial audio separation and proposed LAVSS: a location-guided audio-visual spatial audio separator. LAVSS is inspired by the correlation between spatial audio and visual location. We introduce the phase difference carried by binaural audio as spatial cues, and we utilize positional representations of sounding objects as additional modality guidance. We also leverage multi-level cross-modal attention to perform visual-positional collaboration with audio features. In addition, we adopt a pre-trained monaural separator to transfer knowledge from rich mono sounds to boost spatial audio separation. This exploits the correlation between monaural and binaural channels. Experiments on the FAIR-Play dataset demonstrate the superiority of the proposed LAVSS over existing benchmarks of audio-visual separation.
Yuxin Ye, Wenming Yang, Yapeng Tian
ICCV 2023 Workshop